The brain is one of the most important organs in our body. To maintain a good functioning it is necessary to take care of it continuously, as the Spanish Neurology Society (SEN) has shown in Madrid , under the motto Your brain is life, take care of it .
Currently, neurological diseases affect 16 percent of the population . In fact, some of the most common neurological diseases, such as stroke or Alzheimer’s , are one of the main causes of death in our country and others, such as migraine , epilepsy or multiple sclerosis , are very disabling and affect the quality of life of the people who suffer them. Therefore, it is imperative to follow a few proposals to forestall, beyond what many would consider possible, neurological sicknesses. From the SEN they prompt:
Do exercises that animate brain action and keep us intellectually dynamic, for example, perusing, composing, retaining telephone numbers, playing tabletop games , doing manual exercises, finishing crosswords, learning and rehearsing another dialect, and so forth.
Exercising some type of physical activity on a regular basis, either by practicing a sport or taking one or two daily walks of at least 30 minutes .
Strengthen social and emotional relationships avoiding isolation, social isolation and stress .
Eat a balanced diet , avoiding excess animal fats and salt and promoting the consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Lead healthy lifestyle habits. For this they insist on not consuming alcohol, tobacco or drugs and trying to sleep at least 8 hours a day .
Control hypertension , since it is the main risk factor for cerebrovascular diseases such as stroke .
Protect the brain against physical aggressions from the outside by systematically using the seat belt in vehicles and wearing a helmet when traveling by motorcycle.
How does our diet affect the brain?
The type of diet we follow is essential to get all the nutrients our body needs and the brain is also included here: depending on our diet, the functions it performs can be altered and its development interrupted.
“In general, the foods that are essential for brain development are those that contain B vitamins , crucial for it to develop normally,” says Pablo Irimia, member of the Spanish Neurology Society, who points out that the presence of of antioxidants , choline and iron is also essential. The expert specifies that in developed countries, the adult population that follows a varied diet consumes the minimum amounts necessary to meet the requirements of the brain. However, there may be situations in which, due to various diseases or high alcohol consumption, you neglect and reduce your vitamin B intake.
“ If a person does not take enough vitamin B12 , which we can find, for example, in fish, meat, organ meats and in some dairy products or nuts, among other foods, they can begin to develop memory problems and difficulties in neuron functioning, giving rise to neuropathies ”, warns Irimia. On the other hand, there is another vitamin, thiamine, which is part of group B, which when there is a deficit triggers memory disorders that are sometimes not reversible ”.
What can we do if there is a deficit of the vitamin B group? The problem is that there is no store in the body to compensate for the times in which a person does not consume enough vitamin B: you must have a ceaseless utilization and on the off chance that somebody doesn’t, you can have inconveniences identified with various sorts of infections . For this reason, the member of the SEN recommends correcting this vitamin deficiency when the first symptoms begin. The main foods where we can find this group of vitamins are: spinach, broccoli, red fruits, purple fruits and dried fruits (almonds and hazelnuts, especially).
“On account of individuals who follow exacting veggie lover eats less carbs, which do exclude eggs or meat or fish and in this way don’t devour vitamin B12 in the ordinary sums vital, they should take enhancements to guarantee that they are getting the best possible sums “, Added.
What Kind of Diet is Best for the Brain?
What is the best diet to lead a healthy life and prevent diseases such as stroke and dementia? Irimia specifies that the eating plan that best meets all the premises of being healthy, balanced and varied is the Mediterranean diet . “There are studies that have shown that the Mediterranean diet is very positive both in preventing cardiovascular diseases and in avoiding cognitive deterioration, specifically Alzheimer’s dementia,” explains the member, who emphasizes that for the benefits of Mediterranean diet is really noticeable in the adult population, it must be followed strictly for at least one year.