Unit 10 Healthy Lifestyle and Longevity (Phần IV, V, VI)
Part IV. SPEAKING
Exercise 7. Mark the letter A, B, c, or D to indicate the correct response to each of the following exchanges.
Two friends Nam and Lan are talking about the topic of healthy lifestyle and longevity.
91. Nam: What do you personally do to keep fít?
A. I think keeping fit is necessary for everyone.
B. As far as I know, more and more people exercise to keep fit.
C. Fitness centres are mushrooming.
D. I just do moming exercise and maintain a balanced diet.
92. Lan: Do you think it’s important for young people to keep fit?
A. Why do they need to keep fit?
B. It’s very important for old-aged people to have a healthy lifestyle.
C. I do think so. As the main labour force of the country, they must be strong.
D. It doesn’t cost much to work out in the gym these days.
93. Nam: Do you do any sports?
A. More and more people are talking about sports events these days.
B. I used to, but now I don’t. I’m too busy.
C. There are different types of sports.
D. Sportsmen should be highly paid.
94. Lan: What do people do to keep fit?
A. Everyone wants to keep fit these days.
B. So many people do harm to their health by smoking or drinking.
C. They combine exercising and having a balanced diet.
D. Not many people can afford to eat healthily.
95. Nam: Do young people you know gẹt enough exercise?
A. Not really. They are a little bit lazy.
B. Getting enough exercise is very important.
C. They tend to eat too much junk food.
D. Fast food is the young people’s favourite food.
96. Nam: What could we do to encourage thèm to exercise more?
A. Exercising in the moming is really encouraging.
B. What about forming some sports clubs after school hours?
C. Young people tend to exercise less than before.
D. Lack of exercise will weaken your body.
97. Nam: Do you think we are healthier today than people were fifty years ago?
A. People always want to live long and stay healthy.
B. Life fifty years ago was much harder than nowadays.
C. People in the past had to overcome lots of hardship.
D. Not really. People nowadays live in a more polluted environment.
98. Nam: What are the main health problems young people face?
A. There are so many health problems these days.
B. Young people tend to eat a lot of convenience food.
C. Diabetes and obesity are the biggest threats to them.
D. It is easy for young people to overcome their health problems.
99. Nam: Do you think all medical care should be free?
A. I think it should be. People’s life must be protected.
B. Medical equipment is very expensive.
C. Public schools are also free in many countries.
D. Not all people can get access to free medical care.
100. Nam: What is a healthy diet?
A. All people need to eat healthily.
B. Healthy diets are getting more expensive.
C. Fast food is not healthy food.
D. It must be a balanced, nutritious and healthy diet.
101 .Lan: In your opinion, do you have a healthy diet?
A. I prefer to cook my own meals.
B. Sometimes I eat out with my family or my friends.
C. In general, I do. I have a balanced and healthy diet.
D. My friends eat a lot of fast food.
102. Lan: How many hours a day do you spend watching TV?
A. TV programmes ạre various. There are so many of them.
B. Not much. Just about thirty minutes after dinner.
C. My mother spends hours watching soap operas.
D. Sports channel is my favourite.
103. Lan: Do you ever eat junk food?
A. Sometimes I have a snack for my breakfast.
B. Junk food is not nutritious enough.
C. Junk food is also addictive.
D. We should discoụrage children from eating junk food.
104. Nam: What exercise do you do?
A. I go jogging in the moming and aerobics in the aftemoon.
B. My teachers ask us to do so many exercises.
C. I hate doing too much homework.
D. Exercising is time-consuming.
105. Lan: What could you do to make your lifestyle healthier?
A. People need a healthy lifestyle.
B. I do need to exercise more.
C. I don’t care much about my diet.
D. I prefer to eat out at the weekends.
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Part V. READING
Exercise 8. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, c, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
Millions of people today are overweight and out of shape. This is due in part (106 ) ________ their diet, which is often high in sugars and fats. Another (107 ) ________ is that too many of us spend our evenings gluing (108 ) ________ the television, instead of doing something to keep (109 ) __________ fit. Today hectic lifestyles also prevent us (110) _________ spending as much time as we should on staying in shape. Long hours at school and work don’t (111)________ much time for healthy eating. Convenience food, such as (112) _________ meals and canned vegetables, saves time but is often (113)__________ . Fast food and takeaways are also (114)_________ for many health problems. In order to enjoy good health, a regular programme of (115) __________ is essential. This can be anything from gentle forms of yoga (116) ___________ body building. Doing a little exercise every day so as not to develop (117) __________ problems is something that all of us should consider, young and old. If you don’t practise any form of exercise now, it is for you to choose one and start today and get in shape!
(Source: Adapted from ‘Laser BI +)
|106. A. of||B. to||C. in||D. at|
|107. A. reason||B. effect||C. result||D.consequence|
|108. A. in||B. on||C. to||D. at|
|109. A. them||B. themselves||C. us||D. ourselves|
|110. A. from||B. against||C. about||D. with|
|111. A. take||B. leave||C. spend||D. waste|
|112. A. freeze||B. freezing||C. frozen||D. unfrozen|
|113. A. health care||B. healthful||C. healthy||D. unhealthy|
|114. A. responsive||B. reacted||C. responsible||D. irresponsible|
|115. A. exercises||B. exercise||C. homework||D. housework|
|116. A to||B. but||C. and||D. with|
|117. A. healthy||B. unhealthy||C. health care||D. health|
Exercise 9. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, c, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Super Size Me is a 2004 film by Morgan spurlock, in which he documents his experiment to eat only McDonald’s fast food three times a day, every day, for thirty days.
Spurlock made himself a short list of rules for the experiment, including an obligation to eat all of the three meals he ordered. He also had to ‘Super Size’, which means accepting a giant portion every time the option was offered to him. He ended up vomiting after the first Super Size meal he finished, after taking nearly twenty minutes to consume it.
After five days Spurlock put on almost 5kg, and he soon found himself feeling depressed, with no energy. The only thing that got rid of his headaches and made him feel better was another McDonald’s meal, so his doctors told him he was addicted. More seriously, around day twenty, he started experiencing heart palpitations and one of the doctors detected liver problems. However, in spite of his doctor’s advice, Spurlock continued to the end of the month and achieved a total weight gain of 11 kg. His body mass index also increased from a healthy 23.2 to an overweight 27.
It took Spurlock fifteen months to recover from his experiment and return to his original weight, but the film also had a wider impact. Just after its showing in 2004, McDonald’s phased out the Super Size option and healthier options like salads appeared on the menu. Unfortunately, McDonald’s denied the connection between the film and the changes, but it is interesting to note how closely they coincided with the release of the fílm.
(Source: Solutions Intermediate)
118. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A. An experiment with McDonald’s fast food
B. Putting on weight due to eating fast food
C. Connection between fast fòod and heart diseases
D. How fast food trigger liver damage
119. Which of the following is TRUE about Morgan Spurlock?
A. He had to eat Super Size meal once a week.
B. He had to eat Super Size meal twice a day.
C. He had to eat Super Size meal three times a week.
D. He had to consume Super Size for three meals a day.
120. In paragraph 2, the word “giant” is closest in meaning to __________ .
A. Light B. balanced C. big D. healthy
121. Which of the following could get rid of Spurlock’s headaches?
A. Salad B. a McDonald’s meal C. a pain killer D. nothing
122. According to the passage, all of the following are the results of the experiment
A. Spurlock put on weight
B. The experiment affected his heart
C. The experiment affected his liver
D. He became fairly relaxed and energetic
123. The word “its” in paragraph 4 refers to ___________________ .
A. McDonalcTs B. the experiment
C. The film Super Size Me D. the menu
Exercise 10. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
In 2002, several obese teenagers in the USA sued McDonald’s, claiming that the company was responsible for making them fat. They argued that McDonald’s deliberately misled them into thinking that their cheeseburgers and other Products were healthy and nutritious food. They claimed that the company had not warned them about the health problems that can result from eating too much salty, high-fat food and drinking too many sugary drinks: diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity. The mother of one of the children, who at the age of 15 weighed more than 180 kilograms, said in her statement: ‘I always believed McDonald’s was healthy for my son.’
McDonald’s rejected the claim that they were responsible for these teenagers’ health problems. ‘People don’t go to sleep thin and wake up obese,’ said McDonald’s lawyer, Brad Lerman. ‘The understanding of what hamburgers and French fries do has been with us for a long, long time,’ he added. The judge reed, and dismissed the case, saying: ‘it is not the place of the law to protect people against their own excesses.’ In other words, if people choose to eat a lot of unhealthy food, they can’t blame the company that sold it to them.
Other similar lawsuits against fast food companies in the USA have also failed. In 2005, the us House of Representatives passed a bill which became known as the ‘Cheeseburger Biir. It made it much harder for obese people to take legal action against the food industry. However, the bill has not ended the arguments about responsibility. There is some scientific evidence to suggest that fast food is addictive, and harmful too. So is selling fast food the same, in a way, as drug-dealing?
(Source: Solutions Intermediate)
124. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A. Obesity – who is to blame? B. Is fast food addictive?
C. Is fast food really healthy? D. How to get rid of fast food?
125. According to the obese teenagers in the USA who sued McDonald’s, which of the following health problems was NOT mentioned?
A. Diabetes B. hypertension C. obesity D. heart disease
126. In paragraph 2, the word “rejected” is closest in meaning to __________.
A. Accepted B. denied C. ignored D. agreed
127. In paragraph 2, the word “it” refers to __________________
A. Law B. healthy food C. unhealthy food D. bill
128. What happens if people choose to eat a lot of unhealthy food?
A. The company will be responsible for their health problems.
B. They may get íinancial support from the company.
C. They will surely succeed in lawsuits.
D. They can’t force the company to be responsible for them.
129. In paragraph 3, the word “failed” is closest in meaning to ___________ .
A. Not famous B. not important C. not successful D. not proud
130. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about fast food?
A. Salty and high-fat B. addictive
C. Nutritious D. harmful
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Part VI. VVRITING
Exercise 11. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
131. ‘I’ll buy you a new bicycle if you Stop eating junk food,’ said Lam’s mother.
A. Lam’s mother promised to buy him a new bicycle if he stopped eating junk food.
B. Lam’s mother promises to buy him a new bicycle if he stops eating junk food.
C. Lam’s mother will promise to buy him a new bicycle if he stops eating junk food.
D. Lam’s mother had promised to buy him a new bicycle if he stopped eating junk food.
132. ‘You will boost your immune system if you exercise regularly,’ said Tam.
A. Tam says that we’ll boost our immune system if we exercised regularly.
B. Tam said that we’d boost our immune system if we exercised regularly.
C. Tam said that we’ll boost our immune system if we exercised regularly.
D. Tam said that we boost our immune system if we exercised regularly.
133. ‘Mai will recover quickly if she follows the doctor’s advice,’ said Mai’s father
A. Mai’s father said she would recover quickly if she follows the doctor’s advice.
B. Mai’s father said she will recover quickly if she followed the doctor’s advice.
C. Mai’s father said she would recover quickly if she followed the doctor’s advice.
D. Mai’s father says she would recover quickly if she followed the doctor’s advice.
134. ‘You should exercise more in order to keep fit,’ said Anna.
A. Anna urged us to exercise more to keep fit.
B. Anna demanded us to exercise more to keep fit.
C. Anna forced us to exercise more to keep fit.
D. Anna advised us to exercise more to keep fit.
135. ‘You should eat lots of fruit so as not to get colds all the time,’ said my doctor.
A. My doctor advised me to eat lots of fruit so as not to get colds all the time.
B. My doctor advised me not to eat lots of fruit so as to get colds all the time.
C. My doctor forced me to eat lots of fruit so as not to get colds all the time.
D. My doctor demanded me to eat lots of íruit so as not to get colds all the time.
Exercise 12. Mark the letter A, B, c, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences ỉn the following questions.
136. I thought I should ask the doctor about going on a diet.I went to the surgery.
A. Having been on a diet, I went to the surgery.
B. I went to the surgery, so I asked the doctor about going on a diet.
C. I asked the doctor about going on a diet, so I went to the surgery.
D. I went to the surgery in order to ask about going on a diet.
137. I had to lose some weight. I went on a strict diet.
A. I had to lose some weight after I went on a strict diet.
B. I went on a strict diet in order to lose some weight.
C. I had to lose some weight before I went on a strict diet.
D. I had to lose some weight even when I went on a strict diet.
138. People want to keep fit. Many people take up sports.
A. Many people take up sports so as to keep fit.
B. Many people want to keep fit so as to take up sports.
C. Many people want to keep fit in order to take up sports.
D. Although people want to keep fit, they take up sports.
139. I want to stay healthy. I try to eat lots of fruit.
A. Although I try to eat lots of fruit, I stay healthy.
B. I stay healthy though I eat lots of fruit.
C. I try to eat lots of fruit in order to stay healthy.
D. I eat lots of fruit, but I stay healthy.
140. I didn’t want to catch a coid. I wore a warm coat and a scarf.
A. I wore a warm coat and a scarf though I didn’t want to catch a cold.
B. I wore a warm coat and a scarf, so I didn’t want to catch a cold.
C. I wore a warm coat and a scarf, but I didn’t want to catch a cold.
D. I wore a warm coat and a scarf in order not to catch a cold.
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