Health and Body Care (Здоровый образ жизни). 6-й класс

Цель: развитие коммуникативной
культуры и социально-культурной образованности
учеников, позволяющих поддержать беседу и
выразить свое мнение по теме “Здоровый образ
жизни”.

Задачи:

  • Учебные: формирование лексической базы по
    теме «Здоровый образ жизни», обучение устной
    речи, совершенствование навыков чтения,
    тренировка навыков диалогической речи.
  • Развивающие: развитие познавательного
    интереса учащихся, повышение мотивации к
    изучению иностранного языка.
  • Воспитательные: обеспечить стимулирование
    речемыслительной и социальной активности
    учащихся; воспитывать чувство бережного
    отношения к своему здоровью.

Речевой материал: УМК “Spotlight” (6
класс).

Тип урока: обобщающий урок.

Оснащение урока:

  • мультимедийное оборудование;
  • раздаточный материал.

ХОД УРОКА

I. Организационный момент

– Good morning boys and girls! I’m glad to see you. I hope you are OK.

II. Объявление цели урока

– Our lesson is dedicated to one of the most important problems in our life. Look at
the screen, do this puzzle and you’ll know the topic of our lesson. (Слайд 2)

Bicycle – a vehicle with two wheels on which a person
rides, using pedal
Yoghurt – a sour food made from milk with bacteria added and
often with fruit (a breakfast of muesli and yoghurt, a carton of strawberry yoghurt)
Doctor – a person licensed to practice medicine, as a
physician, surgeon, dentist, or veterinarian
Ecology – the branch of science that studies how people or
organisms relate to each other and their environment
Chemist – a person who prepares and sells medicines, and use
also sells cosmetic (buy aspirin at the chemist’s on the corner)
Vitamin – a group of organic substances that
are required in the diet of humans and animals for normal growth, maintenance of life, and
normal reproduction
Temperature – the degree of heat or cold in a body, room,
country (take sb’s temperature)
Health – the state of being well and free from illness in body
or mind (“He, who has health, has hope; and he who has hope has everything”,
“Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise”)

– As you see, the topic of our lesson is “Body care” or “Health”. (Слайд
3)

III. Речевая разминка

– Say if it is healthy or unhealthy. (Слайды 4-18)

  • I exercise 3 times a week.
  • I eat at McDonald’s every night.
  • I eat fruit and vegetables every day.
  • I wash my hands before breakfast.
  • I watch TV 7 hours a day.
  • I listen to very loud music.
  • I go on walks regularly.
  • I drink 5 cups of coffee a day.
  • I take vitamins every day.
  • I take a shower in the morning.
  • I sit in the sun without a suntan lotion.
  • I eat food when I watch TV.
  • I drink coke with every meal.
  • I visit a doctor regularly.
  • I eat fish for dinner.

IV. Развитие умений устной речи

– Answer the questions.

  • Do you eat a lot of fruit and vegetables? 
  • Do you do morning exercises?
  • Do you catch a cold more than once a year?
  • Do you have a lot of stress?
  • Do you often eat junk food?
  • Do you usually get enough sleep?
  • Do you read articles about health?
  • Have you ever had flu?
  • Have you ever had a toothache?
  • Do you take vitamins?

V. Развитие умений чтения

– And now let’s find out what we should do to be healthy. Read this article which is
designed to help you with this amazing activity. (Слайд 19)
– How to be healthy?
– Being healthy is a big part of life that you wouldn’t want to miss out on.

  1. Try to keep an optimistic outlook (think positive). It makes everything you do easier,
    including getting healthy. Think about what you can do that would make you happier.
  2. Keep clean. Bathe or shower often. For some, this means every day. Because of dryness
    issues, others may shower every other day. Brushing your teeth twice a day and regular
    flossing at night keeps from gum diseases. Wash your hands after you use the restroom or
    before you prepare food.
  3. Eat right. Don’t eat if you’re not hungry, and stop when you are full – don’t simply
    eat just because there is food around. Pay attention to your body, so you recognize when
    you’re actually hungry, and when you’re full. Try to eat at least five servings of fruit
    and/or vegetables a day. Eat foods that are high in fiber, like potatoes, beans, corn. Eat
    dinner at least 2-3 hours before you go to bed, and eat nothing after it. When you eat
    dinner that is too close to your bed time, it does not give your body enough time to
    digest its food.
  4. Get enough sleep. Too little sleep can make you have a difficulty with memory,
    depression, even if you eat foods high in Vitamin C, which will increase your chance of
    becoming ill. And, a lack of sleep will bring an increase in perception of pain.
  5. You should get at least 3 hours of exercise a week. Sports of any kind can keep your
    body fit and burn any unneeded fats.
  6. And remember, the most important thing is to believe in yourself. To believe that you
    can achieve a healthy lifestyle. You’re never going to get anywhere without any self
    belief and positive thinking will make everything seem less difficult!

– Let’s recollect our knowledge. What is a healthy way of life? What should people do
and avoid?

VI. Физкультминутка

– It goes without saying that our body needs exercises. Fit people live longer,
healthier than unfit. Let’s do a group of exercises. Listen to the song and mime the
actions.

We are running, we are jumping
Yes, we are!
We are flying, we are driving a car
We are reading, we are writing
We are playing, we are fighting
We are running, we are jumping
Yes, we are!
We are cooking, we are cleaning
Yes, we are!
We are singing, we are playing the guitar
We are dancing, we are walking
We are sitting, we are talking
We are cooking, we are cleaning
Yes, we are!

VII. Активизация лексического материала
 
– But, in spite of these useful methods, we often catch a cold, fall ill and have to
visit doctors. (Слайд 20)
– Complete the chart with an illness (in A) and a remedy (in B)

Illnesses Remedies
I have a cold.
I have a cough.
I have a stomachache.
I have a pain in the heart.
I have a headache.
………………
………………
I have flu.
I feel sick.
You should see a doctor.
You should drink warm milk with butter.
You should eat the right food.
You should have a rest.
…………
You should stay in bed for 3 days.
You should go to the dentist.
……………
……………

VIII. Развитие умений диалогической
речи

– Make your own dialogue using these illnesses, these remedies and the information on
the cards.
Карточкаучителя.

Illnesses Remedies
Flu, sore throat, pain in the chest, cough, high temperature Stay in bed for a week
Drink warm milk with honey
Take a good medicine
Take vitamins
Take an aspirin
Headache Take a good medicine three times a day
Take regular exercises
Take a cold shower
Have a walk outdoors
Take vitamins
Toothache Take a good medicine for a toothache
Clean your teeth in the morning and in the evening
Don’t eat sweets
Stomachache Take a good medicine for a stomachache
Eat dairy products
Keep to a diet

IX. Итог урока

– That brings us to the end. Today we have talked a lot about problems of health. To
conclude, I would like to remember some rules which help you be healthy.

  • Eat healthy food to keep fit.
  • Take a cool shower to be healthy.
  • Wash your hands before you eat.
  • Too many sweets are bad for your teeth.
  • Try to avoid fast food.
  • Be careful about drinks.
  • Don’t smoke.
  • Do regular exercises.
  • Go on walks regularly.

– Thank you for your work. I hope our lesson will be useful for you. You should
always remember that health is above wealth. Try to follow these rules and you will fell
strong, fresh, healthy and study well.

Список использованных источников:

1. Evans Virginia, Dooley Jenny. New Round-Up 1. Pearson Education Limited, England,
2010
2. Hutchinson Tom. New Hotline. Pre-intermediate.Oxford University Press, England.

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