"Здоровый образ жизни"




  • развитие навыков учащихся в чтении текста “Keeping
    Fit” с извлечением конкретной информации и с
    детальным пониманием прочитанного
  • развитие навыков разговорной речи по теме
    “Здоровый образ жизни”, используя приемы
    технологии критического мышления.
  • подготовка детей к монологическому
    высказыванию по теме “Здоровый образ жизни”.

Ход урока

Good morning boys and girls. I’m very glad to see you. You may sit down.

Today we are going to speak about a healthy lifestyle and sport. You can not buy
health, but you can keep it, if you begin to take care of it early enough. The topic of
our discussion comes from the phrase “to be fit”.

And what are your ideas of keeping fit? What do you think about it?

Let’s fill in the Word-Web.

Now let’s read the text and your task is to analyze this text marking it with some

+ you know this piece of information

– it doesn’t match your ideas

? you want to know more about this thing

v this piece of information is new for you.

Учащиеся читают текст.


Good health is not something we are able to buy at the chemist’s and we can get back
with a quick visit to the doctor when we are ill. We often ruin our health by poor diet,
stress, a bad working environment, and carelessness. By keeping fit, changing bad habits
or the surrounding conditions we can make our body last without major problems. And what
are the ways to keep fit?

First of all you must miss no chance of outdoor activities. Skating or skiing in winter
and swimming in summer must become part of your everyday life. Second, exercise. You must
exercise whenever you can – in the morning or in the evening. Third, regular meals are a
must if you want to keep fit. Try to avoid going without any food for hours.

The Romans spoke of health in a proverb: “A healthy mind in a healthy body.” In
addition to physical health, an understanding of mental health is also important. The body
does a great deal to take care of itself, but by learning a few important health rules, it
is possible to help the body to work at its best.

Nowadays, health specialists promote the idea of wellness for everybody. Wellness means
achieving the best possible health within the limits of your body. Some people prefer a
lot easier exercise to more strenuous exercise. Some people like playing three sweaty,
competitive games of tennis.

The English people in the 1990’s have become very concerned about their health. In
fact, fitness has become almost a national obsession. In large cities and small towns
alike, people jog regularly, join sports teams and go to health clubs and Fitness Centers
to work out.

Now let’s discuss the text and do some exercises.

Работа с листом заданий.

I. Translate some words from Russian into English.

кататься на коньках и лыжах зимой

регулярно бегать трусцой

спортивная команда

беспокоиться о своем здоровье

выполнять физические упражнения

изменить вредные привычки

быть в хорошей физической форме

регулярный прием пищи

физическое и умственное здоровье

играть в теннис

тренироваться в фитнес-клубах

II. Fill in the missing words.

1. We ruin our ________ by poor diet, _________, a bad working environmental

2. You mustn’t miss ___________ activities, ___________, and regular__________.

3. Health specialists promote the idea of _______________ for everybody.

4. Fitness has become a ______________________________ for English people.

5. People _____________ regularly, __________ sports teams and go to_______________ to
work out.

6. __________ is not something we are able to buy at the chemists.

7. You must __________ in the morning and in the evening.

8. A ___________ mind in a ______________ body.

III. Do a test.

1. The text is about:

a) how to be fit;
b) about different kinds of sport;
c) about illness and health.

2. Health is

a) something we are able to buy at the chemist’s;
b) not important in people’s life;
c) something we should take care about.

3. The main reasons of poor health are

a) poor diet, stress, a bad working environment, and carelessness;
b) exercises and outdoor activities;
c) regular meals and smoking.

4. The English people

a) are concerned about their health;
b) do not go in for sports;
c) do not pay too much attention to their health.

5. What are the ways of keeping fit?

a) outdoor activities, exercises, regular meals;
b) carelessness, smoking and drinking;
c) doing aerobics, eating sweets and sleeping too much.

Check up yourselves.

На доске написаны правильные ответы. Учащиеся
проверяют сами себя.

Now let’s read the text one more time without translating.After reading each extract
I will ask you some questions amd then you will add some words to the Word-Web.

I. The reason of poor health.


  1. How do we ruin our health?
  2. What is good health for you?

Учащиеся отвечают на вопросы по I абзацу и
дополняют Word-Web.

II. Ways of keeping fit.


  1. What are the main ways of keeping fit?
  2. When can you exercise?

Учащиеся отвечают на вопросы по II абзацу и
дополняют Word-Web.

III. The importance of mental and physical health.


  1. What famous proverb of Romans about health do you know? Do you agree with it?
  2. How can you help yourself to keep fit?

Учащиеся отвечают на вопросы по III абзацу и
дополняют Word-Web.

IV. The ideas of health specialists.


1. What does wellness mean?

Учащиеся отвечают на вопросы по IV абзацу и
дополняют Word-Web.

V. How English people take care about their health?


  1. How do English people keep fit?
  2. Is fitness important in our life?

Учащиеся отвечают на вопросы по V абзацу и
дополняют Word-Web.

Now put the sentences in the right order according to the text.

  1. The ideas of health specialists.
  2. Ways of keeping fit.
  3. How English people take care about their health.
  4. The reasons of poor health.
  5. The importance of physical and mental health.

You have done a great work.

Now using this Word-Web try to retell this text about keeping fit.

1-2 учащихся пересказывают текст, используя
слова из Word-web.

Next task for you will be to write a short poem using the given words. You will work in

Учащиеся работают в парах и составляют
синквейн,пользуясь структурой синквейна.

Структура синквейна.

  1. Первая строка – одно слово,описывающее тему
    (обычно существительное).
  2. Вторая строка – два слова, описывающие тему
    (обычно два прилагательных).
  3. Третья строка – три слова, выражающие действие
    по теме (обычно три глагола).
  4. Четвертая строка – фраза из четырех слов,
    показывающая отношение к теме.
  5. Последняя строка – одно слово (обычно синоним
    слова из первой строки), которое еще раз
    подчеркивает сущность темы.

Let’s check up your poems.

Today we talked a lot about keeping fit and a healthy way of life. We shared our ideas
of beauty, physical and mental health.

I wish you to be happy and healthy and support the idea of the ancient Greeks of “a
sound mind in a sound body” during your lifetime.

Your hometask will be to write a report about your attitude to healthy way of life.

Thank you for your work.

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