Does Dehydration Cause Diarrhea
Does Dehydration Cause Diarrhea - Does Dehydration Cause Diarrhea? (Traveler’s diarrhea)
Prevention of dehydration
Diarrhea (diarrhea) is manifested mostly by aqueous Chair that occurs more than three times a day. Usually this problem lasts for one to two days and are often themselves without any special treatment.
However, prolonged diarrhea can be a sign of serious disease.
- 1 However, prolonged diarrhea can be a sign of serious disease.
Diarrhea can cause dehydration, which means that lacks the body enough fluids to work normally. Dehydration is particularly dangerous, especially for children and older persons, and must be treated immediately to avoid serious health problems.
People of all ages can suffer from diarrhea. The average adult has diarrhea about four times per year.
What causes diarrhea?
Diarrhea can be caused by a temporary problem such as an infection or a chronic problem, such as an intestinal disease. Common causes of diarrhea include:
Bacterial infection: some bacteria species, recorded by contaminated food or water, can cause diarrhea. Frequent causes are Campylobacter, salmonella, Shigella, and Escherichia coli.
Viral infection: Many viruses cause diarrhea, E.g. the rotavirus, the Cytomegalovirus, the herpes simplex virus and the viral hepatitis.
Food intolerance: Some people are unable to digest certain ingredients of the food, such as lactose (milk sugar).
Parasites: Parasites can enter through food or water in the body and settle in the digestive tract. Parasites that cause diarrhea are giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica and Cryptosporidium
Reaction to medicines, such as antibiotics or magnesium-containing drugs.
Intestinal diseases, such as the inflammatory bowel diseases (ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease).
Bowel dysfunction, such as irritable bowel syndrome, in which the intestines does not normally work.
When some people, diarrhea arises after a stomach surgery or removal of the gallbladder. This may be the change, the speed of the passage of food through the digestive system or an increase of bile juice.
In many cases, the cause of diarrhea cannot be found. As long the diarrhea, but again by itself gives itself, an extensive search is not usually necessary for the cause.
Visitors from abroad are at risk exposed to traveler’s diarrhea. This is caused by recording of food or drinking water, which are contaminated with bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Traveler’s diarrhea is a problem, especially when travelling in developing countries.
What are the symptoms?
Diarrhea can be accompanied by cramping abdominal pain, bloating, nausea or the urgent need to go to the toilet. Depending on the cause, a person can have as fever or blood in the stool.
Diarrhea can be either acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term). The acute form, which lasts less than 4 weeks, usually linked to a bacterial, viral, or parasitic infection. Chronic diarrhea lasts as a rule more than 4 weeks and is usually related to functional disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel diseases of like a chronic digestive failure.
Diarrhea in children
Children can have acute or chronic forms of diarrhea. Causes include bacteria, viruses, parasites, drugs, dysfunction and food intolerances. Infection with the rotavirus is the most common cause of acute diarrhea in children. Rotavirus diarrhea usually passes after 3 to 9 days.
Medicines for the treatment of diarrhea in adults can be dangerous in children and should only under the supervision of a physician, or if necessary a practitioner or pharmacist can be given. Tablets are a good because low-side effect alternative coal.
Diarrhea can be dangerous in newborns and infants. In small children, severe diarrhea, of only one or two days, can lead to dehydration. Because a child can die from dehydration within a few days, the main treatment for diarrhea in children is the prevention of dehydration.
Looking a doctor or possibly a therapist immediately if your child shows any of the following symptoms:
- Blood or pus in the stool or black, tarry stool
- No improvement within 24 hours of
- Signs of dehydration (see below)
What is dehydration?
General signs of dehydration are:
- Less frequent urination
- Dry skin
- Dark colored urine
Signs of dehydration in children are:
- Dry mouth and tongue
- No tears to cry
- Dry diapers for 3 hours or longer
- Fancy a belly, eyes or JAWS
- High fever
- Listlessness or irritability
- Skin, which smooths not, when pinched and released
If you suspect that you or your child is dehydrated, contact your doctor immediately or if necessary Her therapist. Strong dehydration may require hospitalization.
When should a doctor or therapist be consulted?
Prolonged diarrhea can indicate a more serious problem. You should seek therapeutic advice in any case in the following cases:
- You have more than 3 day diarrhea.
- You have severe colicky pain in the belly.
- You have a high fever.
- You see blood or pus in the stool or have black, tarry stools.
- You show signs of dehydration.
Diarrhea in children can be dangerous if too much fluid is lost and not quickly enough will be replaced.
What can you do about diarrhea?
In most cases, the only necessary treatment is to replace the lost fluid to prevent dehydration (see preventing dehydration). Medicines that stop diarrhea may be useful in some cases, but they are not recommended for patients whose Durchfall is caused by a bacterial infection or a parasite. Here, stopping the diarrhea would include the pathogens in the intestine and only aggravate the problem. Often special antibiotics be used in such cases. Virus infections are treated with medicines or treatment depending on the severity and type of virus of symptomatic (fluid and electrolyte substitution).
Dehydration occurs when the body too much fluid and electrolytes (potassium and sodium salts) are lost. Fluid lost in diarrhea and electrolytes should be replaced immediately, as the body without it can work properly.
Although water is extremely important to prevent the loss of fluid, there are not enough mineral salts (electrolytes). To restore the natural balance of electrolyte, you can eat bananas per day sugared tea, broth or soups that contain sodium, and fruit juices, soft fruits or vegetables, which contain potassium to take and to 1-2. The replacement of salt can be done also with salty snacks.
Coca-Cola has been indeed nausea often as pleasantly perceived; is suitable but not to replace of large fluid losses. If the diarrhea, nausea and vomiting is accompanied must be taken to distribute the necessary amount of liquid on many small portions.
For a perfectly balanced liquid mineral replacement for severe diarrhea glucose mineral salt mixtures as powders or tablets in the pharmacy are available; they are to dissolve only in the specified amount of drinking water.
In general, you can compensate the loss of fluid, but also good: If you a liter (clean!) Drinking water with a teaspoon of table salt and about 10 teaspoons of sugar admits. As a rule of thumb is to drink a glass of this solution after each thin bowel movement.
Tips for the right diet for diarrhea
Until the diarrhea subsides, you should try dairy products and foods that are very fat, fiber-rich or very sugary to avoid. These foods tend to aggravate diarrhea.
If your condition improves, you can start soft, mild foods, including bananas, normal rice, boiled potatoes, toast to eat crackers, cooked carrots and cooked chicken without skin or fat. Bananas, rice, applesauce and toast are usually very well tolerated in children.
Prevent traveler’s diarrhea
You can suffer from traveler’s diarrhea when taking to themselves with bacteria, viruses or parasites in contaminated food or water. Therefore, you should inquire prior to each departure on the local hygiene standards. Useful information, can be found in guide books or tourist information.
The following precautions can help prevent the disease in Traveler’s diarrhea during a stay abroad:
- Never drink tap water (not to have informed about the quality) and use it to brush your teeth.
- Consume never pasteurized milk or dairy products.
- Use no ice cream, which is made with tap water.
- Avoid fruit and all raw vegetables (including lettuce and fruit salad) unless you can peel it (myself!). True to the motto: “peel it, cook it or forget it”
Eat raw or lightly roasted meat or fish.
- Eat no meat or shellfish that is not hot when it is served.
- Buy any food from street vendors.
In bottles of bottled water or carbonated soft drinks you can drink without hesitation (as long as you have opened the original CAP or watched it). Also hot drinks like coffee or tea are usually harmless.
Does Dehydration Cause Diarrhea